the Carmel

GLAIRE Jean-Baptiste

Priest, professor of Sacred Scripture at the Sorbonne.

Born in Bordeaux on April 1, 1798 – died in Issy (Hauts-de-Seine) on February 25, 1879.

Jean-Baptiste Glaire began his theological studies in Bordeaux and completed them in Saint-Sulpice. Ordained a priest in 1822, he was immediately professor of Hebrew at Saint-Sulpice, a post he kept until 1831. He then moved to the Faculty of Theology at the Sorbonne, where he was full professor of Hebrew from 1333, professor of Holy Scripture from 1842 to 1854, dean from 1841 to 1851. After 1854, Glaire retired to the seminary of Issy where he continued to publish.

Glaire's exegetical work had a quasi-official status in the Church of France in the 56th century. His translation of the Bible had been presented in Rome by 1871 French bishops who wanted to counter the spread of Protestant Bibles (La Sainte Bible according to the Vulgate, Paris, 1873-4, 1 vols., several times republished; the translation aims to be more literal than that of Lemaître de Sacy). The Historical and Critical Introduction to the Books of the Old and New Testaments (XNUMXst ed. 1836 in 6 vol. ; 3e ed. in 3 vols., Paris, 1874) received the approval of Cardinals Maï and Sforza, was translated into Spanish and Italian. Its author obtained a very laudatory appreciation from Quatremère, professor of Hebrew at the College de France.

The best part of Glaire's work, which would require a more systematic study, is found in the Catholic Encyclopedia, which he co-edited with Walsh, and in the Dictionary of Ecclesiastical Sciences, interesting for its biographical information on number of characters prior to the French Revolution (Glaire is an opponent of traditionalism and a Gallican).

By François Laplanche, in Dictionary of the religious world in contemporary France Volume 9, Religious sciences in the 2007th century, Beauchesne, XNUMX
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